Eddy (Martin B.) Papers, 1863, 1 Item

Administrative Information

Access: Unrestricted

Copyright: The copyright of these letters is held by Navarro College Archives, Navarro College, 3200 W. 7th Ave., Corsicana, Texas. Internet: archives@navarrocollege.edu.

Cite As:Martin B. Eddy Paper, 1863, Pearce Civil War Collection, Navarro College, Corsicana, Texas

Forms Part of: Pearce Civil War Collection

Location: 1-E3-g

Transcription(s): Yes

Scanned Copies on File: No

Accession Number: 1999.162

Processed by: Mary Hayes, March 2006

Reproductions of original materials and transcriptions may be available. Please contact the archivist for further information.

Abstract: In this seven page letter to his brother, private Martin B. Eddy of the 6th Connecticut Volunteer Infantry writes about how the battle for Fort Wagner exacts a high price in Union lives.

Biographical/Historical Sketch

Martin B. Eddy was born in New Britain, Connecticut and enlisted on August 26, 1861. He was mustered into 6th Connecticut Volunteer Infantry as a private. On September 4, 1861 he mustered into \"G\" Company of the 6th Infantry. He mustered out September 11, 1864 due to expiration of his enlistment.

Scope and Content Note

his five page letter written to Martin\'s brother describes in great detail the battle for Charleston Harbor on July 10-18, 1863. He was involved in the Union action on Morris Island that attempted to take Fort Wagner. On the 10th, four companies of the 7th Connecticut Volunteers of General George C. Strong\'s Brigade landed first to the left of the batteries. Martin\'s company landed right in front of those ten gun batteries without suffering many casualties. On the 11thth, Colonel Rodman volunteered the 7th Connecticut to lead a charge on Fort Wagner with General Strong of the 76th Pennsylvania Zouaves and the 9th Massachusetts regiment as support. When the 7th charged into the fort, their support \"ran away\". In their retreat, the 7th lost most of their officers and over half of their men. Those remaining started building batteries at night to make another assault on the fort. On the 18th, they started a bombardment with 40 guns, 5 monitors, the ironsides and four wooden gun boats. They kept up the attack all day and at dusk an assault was ordered. Martin said \"we were formed on the right, the 54th Massachusetts niggers on the center, and the 3rd New Hampshire on the left\". They were able to take and hold a portion of the fort for three hours before their Colonel was shot trying to rally a charge. When a retreat was ordered, Martin suffered a bayonet wound in his foot. The regiment lost 163 of their 250 members.

The copyright of these materials is managed by the Navarro College Archives on behalf of the Navarro College Foundation, 3100 W. Collin St., Corsicana, Texas 75110. Phone: 903-875-7438. Internet: archives@navarrocollege.edu.