Mills (Roger Q.) Papers, 1861, 1 Item

Administrative Information

Access: Unrestricted

Copyright: The copyright of these letters is held by Navarro College Archives, Navarro College, 3200 W. 7th Ave., Corsicana, Texas. Internet:

Cite As:Roger Q. Mills Letter, Pearce Civil War Collection, Navarro College, Corsicana, Texas

Forms Part of: Pearce Civil War Collection

Location: 1-S2

Transcription(s): Yes

Scanned Copies on File: No

Accession Number: 2003.354

Processed by: Julie Holcomb, September 2005

Reproductions of original materials and transcriptions may be available. Please contact the archivist for further information.

Abstract: One letter (March 24, 1861; 3 pages) by a Texas legislator and Confederate soldier documents the Texas secession convention in 1861.

Biographical/Historical Sketch

Roger Q. Mills was born on March 30, 1832 in Todd County, Kentucky. After an academy education, he moved to Jefferson, Texas in 1849. One year later he moved to Palestine. He soon received appointments to the state legislature and in 1852 was admitted to the bar and became a lawyer in Corsicana. He later held local office and supported the temperance movement. As a legislator representing Navarro County in 1859-60, he supported states rights and frontier defense. He served in the Confederate Army serving first as a private in Colonel Elkanah Greer’s Third Texas Cavalry before transferring to Colonel Allison Nelson Tenth Texas Infantry where he rose rapidly to lieutenant colonel. He was a prisoner at Arkansas Post after the capture of the Tenth Texas on January 11 1863, and spent time in Camp Chase, Ohio. After an exchange of prisoners later that spring, the Tenth Texas eventually became a part of James Deshler'sqv brigade of Patrick Cleburne's division of the Army of Tennessee. Mills served as acting brigade commander at Chickamauga, and was twice wounded, first at Missionary Ridge on November 25, 1863, and then at the battle of Atlanta, July 22, 1864. After the war, Mills resumed his political career before retiring from the Senate on March 3, 1899. Mill received an honorary degree from Washington and Lee University in 1894. Mills died in Corsicana on September 2, 1911 and buried at Oakwood Cemetery in Corsicana.

Scope and Content Note

One letter (March 24, 1861; 3 pages) documents the Texas secession convention in 1861. Mills wrote his wife: “The convention yesterday finally ratified the permanent constitution of the Confederate States and is today in full fellowship. We of the legislature will have to remain long enough to pass a bill to raise some money and to district the state for congress. We are entitled to six members of congress. One of which I am going, with your consent, try to be.” He also noted that: “Jack Hamilton and old Sam made bitter speeches against the convention and took strong free soil grounds.”

The copyright of these materials is managed by the Navarro College Archives on behalf of the Navarro College Foundation, 3100 W. Collin St., Corsicana, Texas 75110. Phone: 903-875-7438. Internet: